Unemployment is a worldwide curse. It is recognized as the mother of courtliness ills. It encourages dishonesty, corruption and falsehood. It develops dark side of human character. There are different causes of unemployment like poverty, overpopulation, in-effective education system and industrial development. Similarly there are various steps to check this giant problem. No doubt the government is fully aware of this problem but the quick remedies are needed to check this problem.
Poverty is the main cause of this evil. Broadly speaking it is difficult to expect truth, nobility and honesty from a person who cannot have two square meals a day. He loses sense of self-dignity as he has no sense of security. He is worried about his survival rather than morality. Therefore, poverty is a great danger to the state.
The rapid growth of population is another cause of unemployment. Along with the growing population this problem has also developed. It demand s a quick check. Unemployed people are always dangerous to the security of the state.
“It is better to employ people to dig holes and fill them rather than not to employ them at all”.
Our education system is also defective. It produces a large number of students who are taught purely literary of theoretical education. There is hardly any provision of technical or vocational education. This drawback makes the students dislike the manual work. Therefor, majority rushes to the cities and increases unemployment.
Lack of interest in industrialization is also a cause of unemployment. Industrial units provide employment to both educated and uneducated people. Therefore, we should encourage industrialization.
Our social system is another cause of unemployment. In our society many depend upon few. It has been observed that majority of family members are dependents. This trend has given rise to unemployment.
Unemployment has now become such a dangerous economic. Social and political problem that it has endangered the security of the country. The law and order situation in the country has also been affected. Therefore complete programme is required.
First step should be to revise the social system of our country. More skilled persons can be trained to help their families. This would be a good help to remove unemployment.
Our faulty education system requires a complete overhauling. We have to take full advantages from science and technology to cure this problem. All the people should be trained so that the cities should not be overcrowded because it results in unemployment.
Industrial development can also relieve us from the miseries of unemployment. There is no lack of manpower, cheap, labor, raw materials and mineral resources in our country, but the misfortune is that they are not scientifically used for the benefit of common people.
In the end we can say that unemployment is a real problem. We know its causes, we know its remedies, therefore. It becomes the constitutional obligation of the government should make plans to solve this problem.