Dengue is back in action and this time it has attacked the city of Karachi. With no real cure and no vaccine for dengue the best way is to prevent dengue.
Dengue fever is an acute viral disease transmitted by aedes mosquitoes, usually ae aegypti.The illness is usually self-limiting and can last up to 10 days, but recovery can also take as long as a month. An estimated 50 million 100 million cases of dengue fever occur each year throughout the world.
How dengue is transmitted?
Dengue fever is transmitted by mosquitoes which carry the virus from one infected person to another. If a person gets bitten by a mosquito carrying the virus, he/she will get dengue fever. The breeding sites of these mosquitoes include water containers, discarded tires, uncovered barrels, buckets, flower vases or pots and cans.
Symptoms of dengue
Many symptoms of dengue include:
Severe joint and muscle pain
Vomiting and nausea
Skin rash the rash may appear over most of the body 3 to 4 days after fever.
Bleeding from the nose, gums or under the skin, causing purple bruises.
How to prevent dengue
Stay in air-conditioned rooms keep mosquitoes out at night.
The probability of getting bitten by a mosquito carrying dengue virus is high at dawn, dusk and early evening hence avoid going outdoors at these times.
Wear protective clothing such as long-sleeved shirt, full pants, socks and shoes.
Use mosquito repellent.
Reduce mosquito habitat.
Eliminating pockets of stagnant water that serves as mosquito breeding sites at home and work place.
Cover all water containers with lids.
Preventing mosquito entry by keeping doors and windows closed and screened.
Cover overhead tank to prevent access to mosquitoes.
Deal with sweat which is the favorite scent of mosquitoes. So use talcum powders and deodorants to get rid of it.
If the infections disease is treated on time then prognosis for dengue is good. However the mortality rate can be as high as 15%. Hence immediate medical attention should be sought for suspected patients of dengue.
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