Two Nation Theory / Ideology of Pakistan
Muhammad Ali Jinnah got his early education from Sindh Madrassa-tul-Islam.
In 1891, Jinnah was married to Sakeena bai.
Then Jinnah went to England.
He remained in England from 1891 to 1899.
After his arrival, he left Karachi and settled in Bombay.
In 1906, Jinnah started his political career when he joined All India National Congress.
In 1913, Jinnah joined All India Muslim League on the request of Mollana Muhammad Ali Johar.
In 1919, he became the President of All India Muslim League.
Two Nation Theory
Upto the 1928, Jinnah was also true believer of Hindu Muslim unity.
But Nehru report of 1928 dishearted Jinnah.
So after Nehru report, Jinnah also talks on Two Nation Theory.
“Pakistan was created the day the 1st Indian National entered the fold of Islam”
Suggestions of Nehru Report
Ending of Separate Electorate.
Ending of more Muslim Seats than Population.
Ending of more Seats than Population
Refusal to give 1/3 Representation to Muslim in the center
Hindi should be introduced as an official language
Separation of Sind from Bombay (Mumbai)
Suggestions of Reforms in N.W.F.P province and aviodness from
Demand of Strong Central government.
1st Round Table Conference
“Now we on position, from where, if Indian Muslims are not consulted about the future of India; then the proposals of British Govt. would not be run-able more than weeks.”
Annual Session of Muslim League
In 1938, Jinnah presided at Pattna:
“British Govt. wanted to rule India; while Congress wanted to rule Indian Muslims. It would not be possible during our life.”
In 1940, Jinnah presided at Lahore:
“The Hindus and Muslims belong to two different religious philosophies, social customs and literature. They neither intermarry nor inter dine together and indeed they belong to two different civilizations. So they are separate nation.”
Open Speech 1944
“We did not demand Pakistan simply to have a piece of land but we wanted a laboratory where we could experiment on Islamic principles.”
General Election 1945-46
“Now Pakistan is our aim and we will reach there on every cost and every condition.”
Formation of Pakistan
On August 14, 1947 by the Grace of Allah Pakistan came into being
On the very initial basis the government of India Act-1935 was implemented as the constitution of Pakistan.
Quaid-e-Azam was the first Governor General of Pakistan.