Ideology of Pakistan with Reference to Allama Muhammad Iqbal

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Ideology of Pakistan with Reference to Allama Muhammad Iqbal

Introduction

Allama Muhammad Iqbal! A great poet, thinker, philosopher, scholar and politician.

When Iqbal was born, it was the time of troubles for Indian Muslims.

Allama Muhammad Iqbal

Initial Life

Friday, November 9, 1877, Iqbal was born at Sialkot.

Iqbal got his early education from Mission School and did his F.A. from Murray College, Sialkot.

Then he did his M.A. Philosophy from Government College University Lahore.

In 1905 iqbal went to Germany where he did his Ph.D. from Munich University.

Political Career

In 1926, Iqbal started his political career when he was elected as member of Punjab Imperial Legislative Council (PILC).

Allama Iqbal is a unique contributor to the making of Pakistan.

If Sir Syed prepared the ground through Aligarh Movement for a Muslim State

If Sir Aga Khan founded separate electorate for Muslims through Simla Deputation

If Mulana Muhammad Ali Johar taught the style of mass movement through Khilafat Movement

Then Allama Iqbal raised the structure of the Muslim state through the Allahabad Address on which the blue print was prepared in the Pakistan Resolution.

It goes to Allama Iqbal’s credit that he initiated the idea of separation of the two communities, Muslims and Hindus.

He negated the concept of One-Nation of India and emphasized on the separate and distinct national image of Pakistan.

According to Iqbal making of a separate homeland was essential for the restoration of identity of Muslims.

Then Allama Iqbal raised the structure of the Muslim state through the Allahabad Address on which the blue print was prepared in the Pakistan Resolution.

It goes to Allama Iqbal’s credit that he initiated the idea of separation of the two communities, Muslims and Hindus.

He negated the concept of One-Nation of India and emphasized on the separate and distinct national image of Pakistan.

According to Iqbal making of a separate homeland was essential for the restoration of identity of Muslims.

He clearly declared that the principle of European democracy could not be applied in India as communalism was indispensable to form a harmonious country.

It was from here that he strongly defended the Muslim Nationalism defining it as moral consciousness.

Iqbal and ideology of Pakistan (Two nations Theory)

Allama Iqbal was also a strong believer of Hindu-Muslim unity but Congress extremism forces him to change his attitude.

In 1930, Iqbal clearly discussed Two Nation Theory as:

Islam: as code of conduct and way of life.

Muslims are separate nation.

Demand of separate state.

Islam: as Code of Conduct and Way of Life

“Islam is complete code of life; so Indian Muslims should get assistance from Islam. It will support them fully.

He believed that the creation of superior people centres around Islam alone and not the race.

He said:-

“Islam guides the mankind in every aspect of worldly life and therefore must be enforced in an Islamic state as a code of life”

Allama Iqbal believed that the Holy Quran and the teaching of the Prophet (PBUH) are highly meaningful for the development of mankind.

Muslims are Separate Nation

Allama Iqbal openly negated the concept of one nation and said:

“Nations are based with religion; not with territories. So we are separate nation because we have our own ideology.”

Demand of Separate State

“If British Government is interested to resolve Hindu-Muslim conflicts then India should be divided into states.

NWFP, Sindh, Baluchistan, Punjab, Aasam and Bengal should be converted into one unit and authority should be given to Indian Muslims.”

Thus, in Allahabad Address he declared:

“I would like to see the Punjab, NWFP, Sindh and Baluchistan amalgamated into single state. Self-government within the British Empire or without British Empire, the formation of a consolidated North-West Indian Muslim state appears to me to be the final destiny of the Muslims at least of North-West India”.

He did not believe in any system separated from religion and declared that religion and politics are not separated from each other in Islam.

Allama iqbal believed in the federal system and thought it as an ideal system for India in prevailing system.

He believed that federal system would promote unity amongst the various segments of the society which would help in defense of the country.

His concept of “Khudi” and philosophy of believe in faith and institutions led him to the concept of Nation as Moral Consciousness which declared his genius in his famous Allahabad Address.

It was definitely Iqbal’s call to action in the name of Islam that Pakistan came into shape.

It was him who gave the meaning of ideology of Pakistan as ideology of Islam.

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